When hail or a fallen tree branch has punched a hole in the roof, throwing a tarp over it may halt the water leaking in but it doesn’t count as a permanent repair. The major types of roof repair either maintain the structural integrity of the roof or restore it after it has been damaged. Let’s look at the major categories of roof repair.
The fascia is the part of the roof that replaces the lower edges. The fascia is often made out of wood. This wood can warp and rot. It is especially prone to water damage due to poor drainage. You may be able to avoid further damage to the roof by having the fascia replaced and fixing the drainage problems.
Shingles may need to be replaced because they’re wearing out or they’re damaged. For example, asphalt shingles lose their effectiveness as they lose their adhesive, the small pieces of stone in the shingles and wear down in general. Shingles that are warped, cracked or letting water underneath may need to be replaced altogether. For example, if there is mold or moss growing under the shingles, you really won’t get rid of it unless you remove all of the shingles, clean the roof membrane, and replace it.
Replacing shingles may be done on a piece by piece basis or done for large sections. For example, if you have to replace or repair flashing around the chimney, there’s a fair chance all the lifted and warped shingles around it have to be replaced, too. Once you see many missing shingles across the entire roof surface, the whole roof needs to be replaced.
Replacing the Entire Roof
Asphalt shingles could last as long as twenty years. If your roof is overheating because you don’t have attic ventilation or it is damaged by debris, it may need to be replaced much sooner than this. However, if you own your home for an extended period of time, odds are you’ll need to eventually replace the entire roof. Unless there are known leaks, you can generally schedule this work during the off-season. Depending on who you ask, applying a layer of new shingles on top of an old one may count as replacing the entire roof. However, this can only be done once. After that, you have to rip them all up to the membrane (and maybe replace the roof membrane, too) and then replace the roof.
Installing a New Roof
This is a little different than replacing a roof. For example, when you decide to get rid of that wood shingle roof and replace it with a more durable metal roof, that counts as a brand new roof installation. If the roof is damaged in multiple points and you’re replacing both structural elements and the roof membrane itself, you’re installing a new roof. This only counts as a roof repair because the brand new roof should be leak free for years. However, a new roof installation is the only solution when you’ve experienced a roof blow-off. In these cases, you’ll want to have the roof’s wind uplift resistance increased. This might be done with better ties to the underlying structure, a different type of roof or a radically new roof design.
Solving Water Drainage Problems
If water ponds or pools on your roof, it can seep under shingles and damage the roof. Or it could seep into the walls of your home, damaging the very structure of your home. This is why roof repairs sometimes address water drainage problems. You might see the flashing and drainage paths on the roof repaired so that water drains away from the roof. The smaller scope work in this category includes clearing out your gutters and drains.
You might have gutters installed or repaired so that the water doesn’t pool on the ground where it can damage the foundation of your home. Repairs to the gutter or improvements in the existing system could prevent ice dams that can damage the roof or cause a roof collapse if enough water and ice builds up on the roof.
You could pay someone to replace the gutters when they’re warped or damaged. And you may want to upgrade the gutters to reduce the need to clean them such as when you have leaf guards installed. If the existing gutters aren’t enough to control run-off, you might choose a different type of rain gutter that’s more effective. For example, K shaped gutters are cheap, but half-round type gutters are easier to clean and less likely to have debris get stuck in them.
Cincinnati Roofing and Siding Professionals
If you are in need of some exterior work on your Cincinnati area home, contact the pros at Harper Siding and Roofing – Roofing, Siding, Gutters, Windows, Insulation and more!